ANCIENT 'OLD WORLD' MASTIFF
Behavior/Temperament : Guardian of Property, Family, and Livestock; Extremely Agile and Responsive. In the past, it has been used for Herding Cattle, and Hunting Large Game.
General Apperance: Medium to Large Sized. Robust and Sturdy, Nevertheless Elegant, Lean with Powerful muscles.
Important Proportions: The Length of the Head Reaches 36% of the Height at the Withers. The Dog is Somewhat Longer than High.
Head: Large and Typically Molossoid. The Upper Longitudinal Axes of the Skull and Muzzle Converge Slightly.
Skull: Wide, at the Zygomatic Arches, its Width is Eqaul to, or Greater than its Length, Convex in Front, it Becomes Fairly flat behind the forehead as far as the Occiput. The Medio-frontal furrow is visible
Nose: Black and Large with Ample, open Nostrils, on the Same Line as the Nasal Bridge.
Muzzle: Noticeably Shorter than the Skull Ratio (ratio muzzle: skull aproximately 1.2). Strong, Square, The Front Part of Muzzle is Flat, the Lateral Surfaces are Parallel: the Muzzle is as wide, as it is long. the Profile of the Nasal Bridge is Straight.
Lips: The Upper Lips Hang Moderately and cover the Mandible, so that the Lower Profile of the Muzzle is determined by the Lips.
Jaws/Teeth: Jaws very Large, Thick, and Curved. Slightly Undershot, Level Bite is acceptable, but not Sought After.
Eyes: Medium-sized, Ovoid, Looking Directly Forward, Slightly Protruding. Eyelids Close fitting. Color of Iris as Dark as Possible depending From the Color of the Coat. Expression Keen, and Attentive.
Ears: Triangular, Drooping, with a Wide set on high above the Zygomatic Arches. Often Cropped in the shape of an Equilateral Triangle.
Neck: Strong, Muscular, as Long as the Head.
Body: The Body is Somewhat Longer than the Height at the Withers. Sturdily Built, but Not Squat.
Withers: Pronounced, Rising above the Level of the Croup.
Back: Rectangular, Very Muscular and Firm.
Loins: Short, and Strong.
Croup: Long, Wide, Slightly Inclined
Chest: Well Developed in Three Dimensions, Reaches to the Elbow.
Tail: Set on Fairly High, Very Thick at the Root, The tail is Docked at the 4th Vertebra. In Action, Carried High, but Never Curled, or Erect.
Shoulder: Long, Oblique, Very Muscular
Upper Arm: Strong
Forearm: Straight, Very Strong
Carpal Joint and Pasterns: Elastic
Forefeet: Cat Feet
Upper Thigh: Long, Wide, Back Line of Thigh Convex.
Lower Thigh: Strong, Not Fleshy
Hocks: Moderately Angulated
Metatarsals: Thick, and Sinewy
Hindfeet: Slightly Less Compact than the Forefeet
Gait/Movement: Long Stride, Extended Trot, The Preferred Gait is the Trot.
Skin: Fairly Thick, Rather Close Fitting
Hair: Short, Shiny, Very Dense with a Light Undercoat
Color: Black, Blue (Slate - Gray), Light Fawn, Dark Fawn, Stag Red, Brindle (Stripes on any of the Solid Shades Listed above), are Acceptable Colors. On Fawn, Red, or Brindle Dogs, the Black, or Blue Mask on the Muzzle should not go Beyond the Line of the Eyes. A Small White Patch on the Chest, on the Tips of the Feet (Toes), and on the Bridge of the nose is Acceptable.
Size and Weight :
Height at Withers:
Males: ( 25 - 28 inches)
Females: ( 23.5 - 26.5 inches)
Males: From ( 110 - 125 pounds)
Females: From ( 85 - 110 pounds)
FAULTS: any Departure from the Foregoing Points Should be Considered a Fault, and the Seriousness with Which the Fault should be Regarded Should be in Exact Proportion to its Degree.
Axes of Muzzle and Skull Parallel, or Too Converging
Lateral Surfaces of the Muzzle Converging
Partial Depigmentation of the Nose
Scissor Bite: Pronounced Undershot Mouth
Ring Tail; Tail in vertical Position
Permanent Amble when Trotting
Over, or Under Size
Axes of the Muzzle and Skull Diverging
Total Depigmentation of the Nose
Bridge of the Nose Very Hollow, Ram's Nose
Overshot Mouth; Overbite
Partial or Complete Palpebral Depigmentation; Wall eyes, Strabism
Tail less: Short Tail (docked, or Not)
Semi-Long, Smooth or Fringed Hair
All Colors that are Not Indicated in the standard: Large White Patches
N.B. Male Animals Should Have two Apparently Normal Testicles Descended.